I. Ernst Jünger as an author of New Nationalism: the Fascist Style vs. Official National Socialist Ideology
It is hard to complain about a lack of attention to Ernst Jünger’s personality and authorship. In spite of his “dubious past” and as opposed to lots of his comrades-in-arms, he has gained recognition in lifetime. Moreover, he himself has become an object of study, one must admit, a rather challenging one: too many questions and controversies surround his mysterious character. As a celebrity and an acknowledged German icon, Jünger hasn’t left them unanswered; however, the mystery remained, because in many cases hints, omissions and especially emphatic silence were his very answer.
The same goes for Ernst Jünger’s creativity that lasted for about eighty years. It’s no wonder that his legacy has been studied in terms of a considerable variety of discourses (from the philological to the political), which reflects richness of the genres that he has mastered; for instance, the reports about LSD-trips are no less integral part of Jünger’s bibliography than far-right journalism or the war diaries. Likewise, it corresponds with multitude of Jünger’s talents and thus sub-personalities for biographical investigation: Jünger as a writer and a journalist, Jünger as a military and a warrior, Jünger as an aesthete and a dandy, Jünger as an entomologist and insect collector, and, finally, Jünger as a leader of National Revolutionaries and a prominent theorist of Conservative Revolution. Furthermore, Jünger’s ideological and political identity has also been a subject of lasting debates that vary over the range from “Jünger as a godfather of fascism” to “Jünger as a hidden liberal”. The most popular issues for inquiry, as one may easily guess, are connected with Jünger’s relations with National Socialism and the infamous “Jewish question.” …read more